Duchess of Oldenburg Apple Tree Overview
Duchess of Oldenburg is one of the most popular apple tree varieties in the United States:
- Fruit: Medium to large apple with red/orange fruit color and white to cream/pale yellow flesh color
- Uses: Makes wonderful apple sauce/puree and dessert! Once ripe the apple is great for eating out of hand
- Taste: Tender and crisp, juicy. Refreshing taste and quite aromatic
- Cold Storage: You can store the fruit for up to one month
- Height: Can grow to 7 meters/22 feet when mature
- Climate: good in temperate climates and can withstand cold winters
The Duchess of Oldenburg seems like a unique name for an apple and it really is! This special apple variety comes from Moscow, Russia from the 1700s. It’s refreshing taste was one factor in why it was so popular and spread across Europe. It was originally named after Catherine Pavlovna, the Grand Duchess of Oldenburg. Fun fact is that she was the sister of Tzar Alexander and granddaughter of Catherine the Great! Today, it’s a very popular apple tree variety and is cultivated in Europe and United States.
Duchess of Oldenburg is an upright spreading tree and can grow quite tall in height (up to 22 feet!) It can be grown pure from seed. It is suitable for temperate climates and withstand cold winters. This apple tree variety is moderately vigorous.
Duchess of Oldenburg Apple Tree Characteristics
- Hardiness Zones: 3-8
- Disease resistance: Good
- Scab – Some susceptibility
- Fire blight – Very susceptible
- Prone to collar rot
- Resistant to canker
- Harvest period: 4, early season
- Flowering period: early-mid season
- Flowering Group: 2
- Cross pollinates with: Rubinette, Alkmene, to name a few!
- Cultivation: This apple tree is moderately vigorous. It starts to produce fruit very young and bears fruit annually.
- Fertility: self fertile
- Gardening skill: easy